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Advances in diagnostics for dogs with dementia - Electroencephalographic Signatures

In an effort to improve the diagnosis and treatment of dog dementia, researchers have been investigating electroencephalographic signatures of cognitive decline. Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS), otherwise known as dog dementia is a common problem in older dogs and can be difficult to diagnose. In a recent study, researchers looked at the electrical activity of the brain in dogs with presumptive CDS. They found distinct electroencephalographic (EEG) signatures that could be used to help identify dogs with CDS.





What is dog dementia?

Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS), otherwise known as dog dementia, is a common problem in older dogs. It is characterized by a decline in cognitive function and can be difficult to diagnose. Symptoms of CDS include changes in sleep patterns, increased anxiety, decreased social interaction, and impaired learning and memory.


Why is a diagnosis of dog dementia important?

As with most diseases, the earlier a diagnosis can be made and appropriate treatments initiated the better the prognosis for the patient.


What is an EEG?

An EEC involves recording the electrical activity of the brain using electrodes placed on the head. This technique is non-invasive and relatively easy to perform. The findings of this study suggest that EEG could be a useful tool for diagnosing CDS in dogs.


Why do dogs have EEGs?

Electroencephalography has been used to diagnose cognitive decline in humans for many years. However, it has only recently been used to study dog dementia. This is an exciting area of research that has the potential to improve the lives of many dogs and their owners. If you have a dog with cognitive decline, talk to your veterinarian about EEG and other diagnostic tools that may be available.



Where can I get an EEG for my dog?

If you think your dog may be showing signs of cognitive decline, talk to your veterinarian about the possibility of having an EEG performed. Your veterinarian can help you determine if EEG is right for your dog and, if so, refer you to a veterinary neurologist who can perform the procedure.


How is dog dementia treated?

While there is no cure for CDS, there are treatments that can help improve your dog's quality of life. These include medications, supplements, changes in diet and exercise, and environmental enrichment. If your dog is diagnosed with CDS, work with your veterinarian to develop a treatment plan that is best for your dog.


How are medium-chain triglycerides good for dogs with dementia?

Recent studies have shown that medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) can improve cognitive function in dogs with CDS. Multiple benefits of MCT have already been discovered. Some of these benefits include; (1) acting as an alternative energy source, (2) helping decrease inflammation, (3) aiding in synapse maintenance and repair and (4) increasing mitochondria numbers.


If you think your dog may be showing signs of cognitive decline, talk to your veterinarian.


Key points :

- dog dementia is a common problem in older dogs and can be difficult to diagnose

- researchers have found distinct electroencephalographic (EEG) signatures that could be used to help identify dogs with CDS

- EEG is a non-invasive and relatively easy to perform

- if you have a dog with cognitive decline, talk to your veterinarian about EEG and other diagnostic tools that may be available

- while there is no cure for CDS, there are treatments that can help improve your dog's quality of life

- recent studies have shown that medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) can improve cognitive function in dogs with CDS


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The team at Canine Neurology

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